How are Roman Catholicism and Eastern Orthodoxy similar and different?

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The Roman Catholic Church is more focused on law, logic and the central authority of the Pope, while the Eastern Orthodox Church is more concerned with maintaining the mystery of faith and governing through consensus.

What are the similarities between Eastern Orthodox and Roman Catholicism?

There are seven sacraments in both the Roman Catholic and Eastern Orthodox churches. These include baptism, confirmation, penance, communion, marriage, holy orders and the anointing of the sick. Today, the practice of these sacraments in both churches is nearly identical in form and content.

How do Roman Catholicism and Eastern Orthodoxy differ?

The Catholic Church teaches that God is Triune. The Father, Son, who is Jesus Christ, and the Holy Spirit, are each fully God. Eastern Orthodoxy believes that God is Triune, but unlike Catholicism and Protestantism, it does not believe that the Holy Spirit proceeds from the Father and Son, but only from the Father.

What are the main differences between Greek Orthodox and Roman Catholic?

The main difference between Greek Orthodox and Roman Catholics is that for the Roman Catholics, the Pope is infallible and has complete authority over the churches whereas, in Greek Orthodox churches, the pope is not infallible.

What were three differences between the Catholic Church and the Eastern Orthodox Church that caused the great schism?

Three of the most important issues were doctrinal differences between Eastern and Western churches, the rejection of universal Papal authority by Eastern patriarchs, and growing sociopolitical differences between East and West.

What is different about Eastern Orthodox?

Eastern Christians believe that they confess the true doctrine of God in the right (orthodox) way. The Bible of the Orthodox Church is the same as that of most Western Churches, except that its Old Testament is based not on the Hebrew, but on the ancient Jewish translation into Greek called the Septuagint.

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What is the difference in Catholic and Roman Catholic?

Catholics are a minority group and don’t believe in papal authority. Roman Catholics are a larger group, and they do believe in papal authority. Catholics follow the original, unchanged holy scriptures and the Bible. Roman Catholics have included additional books to their version of the Bible.

What are Eastern Orthodox beliefs?

Eastern Orthodox Christians believe that Jesus of Nazareth is the promised Messiah of the Jews, the God of Israel come to be with his people, the Redeemer of the human race who saves the world from sin and its effects, the comprehensible self-revelation of the incomprehensible God, and the pre-eternal Son begotten of …

What is the difference between Christianity and Orthodox?

Orthodox: Conforming to approved doctrine. Christian: Follower Of Christ. To love God and obey his commandments while creating a relationship with Jesus Christ and spreading the Gospel so that others may also be saved. To gain Eternal Salvation.

What is the difference between Eastern and Western Catholic church?

According to Lossky, the difference in East and West is due to the Catholic Church’s use of pagan metaphysical philosophy, and its outgrowth, scholasticism, rather than the mystical, actual experience of God called theoria, to validate the theological dogmas of Catholic Christianity.

Where in the Bible does it say the Catholic Church is the one true Church?

Their doctrine of the one true church, based on Matthew 16:18 and other Scriptures, emphasizes the succession of true doctrine, practice, and teachers through the centuries, and the authority of the church under Christ.

Is Orthodox a type of Christianity?

Along with Roman Catholicism and Protestantism, Orthodox Christianity is one of the world’s three major Christian traditions. But unlike the other two large branches of Christianity, which have spread throughout the developing world, Orthodoxy remains largely confined to Europe.

Can a Roman Catholic receive communion in an Eastern Orthodox Church?

The Eastern Orthodox Church is not in Communion with the Roman Church, nor is it in Communion with any Protestant denominational church. Eastern Orthodox Christians are forbidden from receiving Communion in any church other than Eastern Orthodox.

Is the Eastern Orthodox Church Catholic?

Orthodoxy, or Eastern Christianity, formally split from Roman Catholicism (known then as Western Christianity) in 1054 over a host of theological issues, high among them disputes over papal authority.

Do Orthodox recognize Catholic sacraments?

Contemporary Orthodox catechisms and textbooks all affirm that the church recognizes seven mystēria (“sacraments”): baptism, chrismation, Communion, holy orders, penance, anointing of the sick, and marriage.

Did the Orthodox Church split from the Catholic Church?

These early disagreements were a sign of things to come. Regular theological disputes in the Church would contribute to a major split between Orthodox Christianity and the Catholic faith, in the so-called Great Schism of 1054.

Do Roman Catholic believe in Jesus?

Catholics share with other Christians a belief in the divinity of Jesus Christ, the son of God made man who came to earth to redeem humanity’s sins through His death and resurrection. They follow His teachings as set out in the New Testament and place their trust in God’s promise of eternal life with Him.

Do Catholics pray to Mary?

Catholics do not pray to Mary as if she were God. Prayer to Mary is memory of the great mysteries of our faith (Incarnation, Redemption through Christ in the rosary), praise to God for the wonderful things he has done in and through one of his creatures (Hail Mary) and intercession (second half of the Hail Mary).

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Why can’t you cross your legs in Greek church?

Don’t Cross Your Legs



In the eyes of the church, this represents a form of arrogance that stands in the way of our relationship to God. Since a lot of people aren’t aware of this thinking, people tend to cross their legs without realizing that it is considered improper.

Does Orthodox Church pray to Mary?

The Orthodox focus on Mary as the Theotokos gives more emphasis to devotions that praise Mary’s role in the mystery of Incarnation, rather than other devotions, e.g., those that consider her sorrows at Calvary.

What religion is Greek Orthodox closest to?

The Greek Orthodox Church (Greek: Ἑλληνορθόδοξη Ἐκκλησία, Ellinorthódoxi Ekklisía, IPA: [elinorˈθoðoksi ekliˈsia]) is the body of several churches within the larger communion of Eastern Orthodox Christianity.

Does the Orthodox Church have a pope?

It is the position of the Eastern Orthodox Church that it has never accepted the pope as de jure leader of the entire church. All bishops are equal “as Peter”, therefore every church under every bishop (consecrated in apostolic succession) is fully complete (the original meaning of catholic).

What were the three differences in opinion between the Eastern and Western churches?

Differences Between Western Christianity and Eastern Christianity. Among the distinction were the issues of the origin of the Holy Spirit, the claim of the Pope of Rome with regards to jurisdiction and other reason; as well as the issue on what bread ought to be utilized as a part of the Lord’s Supper.

Can Eastern Orthodox priests marry?

Under Orthodox rules, a celibate priest cannot marry after ordination, and a non-celibate priest cannot remarry and remain a priest, even if his wife dies, he said. Widowers who remain celibate can become bishops, but that’s happened just once.

Which Bible does Orthodox Church use?

The main purpose of the EOB is to provide an accurate and easy-to-read English text of the Bible that is suitable for use by Orthodox Christian communities and individuals, while providing an outstanding text for scholars.



Eastern-Greek Orthodox Bible.

Eastern Orthodox Bible
Religious affiliation Eastern Orthodoxy

Who is head of Orthodox Church?

Ecumenical Patriarch Bartholomew I, the spiritual leader of the world’s Orthodox Christians, talks to reporters outside the West Wing of the White House in Washington, Oct. 25, 2021, following his meeting with President Joe Biden.

How do Catholics get to heaven?

Here’s the bottom line: a Catholic gets to heaven through faith, baptism and repentance of both venial and mortal sins.

Did Jesus find the Catholic Church?

According to Catholic tradition, the Catholic Church was founded by Jesus Christ. The New Testament records Jesus’ activities and teaching, his appointment of the twelve Apostles, and his instructions to them to continue his work.

What religion is the Ukraine?

What is the religious landscape of Ukraine? Surveys estimate a large majority of Ukraine’s population is Orthodox, with a significant minority of Ukrainian Catholics who worship with a Byzantine liturgy similar to that of the Orthodox but are loyal to the pope.

How do Orthodox cross yourself?

In the Eastern Orthodox and Byzantine Catholic churches, the tips of the first three fingers (the thumb, index, and middle ones) are brought together, and the last two (the “ring” and little fingers) are pressed against the palm.

Does Greek Orthodox Church allow cremation?

“The cremation of foreigners or Greeks, whose religious convictions allow the cremation after death, is allowed,” the new law said. According to the law, Orthodox Greeks can choose cremation as long as they have stated this in writing before their death or their immediate relatives wish it.

Do Orthodox Catholics have confession?

Orthodox understand that the confession is not made to the priest, but to Christ. The priest stands only as witness and guide. Before confessing, the penitent venerates the Gospel Book and blessing cross and places the thumb and first two fingers of his right hand on the feet of Christ as depicted on the cross.

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Why did the Eastern Orthodox church split from the Roman Catholic?

The Great Schism came about due to a complex mix of religious disagreements and political conflicts. One of the many religious disagreements between the western (Roman) and eastern (Byzantine) branches of the church had to do with whether or not it was acceptable to use unleavened bread for the sacrament of communion.

What makes Eastern Orthodox different?

The Orthodox Church differs substantially from the other Churches in the way of life and worship, and in certain aspects of theology. The Holy Spirit is seen as present in and as the guide to the Church working through the whole body of the Church, as well as through priests and bishops.

What is the difference between Catholic and Roman Catholic?

Catholics are a minority group and don’t believe in papal authority. Roman Catholics are a larger group, and they do believe in papal authority. Catholics follow the original, unchanged holy scriptures and the Bible. Roman Catholics have included additional books to their version of the Bible.

What are orthodox beliefs?

Orthodox Christians believe in the Trinity; God consists of God the father, Jesus the son and the Holy Spirit, and yet, these three parts are the same as each other. However, one of the main differences of belief between the Roman Catholic Church and the Orthodox Church centers on ideas about the Holy Spirit.

When did Roman Catholic and Eastern Orthodox split?

The East–West Schism (also known as the Great Schism or Schism of 1054) is the break of communion since 1054 between the Roman Catholic and Eastern Orthodox churches.

Does the Eastern Orthodox Church have confession?

Eastern Christians will also practice a form of general confession, (or manifest contrition), referred to as the rite of “Mutual Forgiveness”. The rite involves an exchange between the priest and the congregation (or, in monasteries, between the superior and the brotherhood).

Are old Catholic orders valid?

According to the principle of ex opere operato, certain ordinations by bishops not in communion with Rome are still recognised as being valid by the Holy See and the ordinations of and by Old Catholic bishops in the Union of Utrecht churches has never been formally questioned by the Holy See until the more recent …

What do you call an Orthodox priest?

Orthodox priests conduct services in more than 20 languages. They are also called pastors or presbyters.

Why are Orthodox crosses different?

The Russian Orthodox cross differs from the Western cross. The cross usually has three crossbeams, two horizontal and the third one is a bit slanted. The middle bar was where Christ’s hands were nailed. The lower bar is the foot-rest.

Do Catholics believe in cremation?

Is Cremation Allowed? Although traditional burial procedure which reflects respect for the body is still normal Catholic practice, cremation is allowed by the Catholic Church for justifiable reasons. Cremation would ordinarily take place after the Funeral Liturgy.

Who is the wife of God in the Bible?

God had a wife, Asherah, whom the Book of Kings suggests was worshiped alongside Yahweh in his temple in Israel, according to an Oxford scholar. God had a wife, Asherah, whom the Book of Kings suggests was worshipped alongside Yahweh in his temple in Israel, according to an Oxford scholar.

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